Understanding Object-Oriented Programming
At its core, OOP is a programming paradigm that revolves around the concept of "objects." These objects encapsulate data and behavior related to a specific entity, making code more organized and manageable.
1. Objects and Classes
Encapsulation is the practice of bundling data (properties) and methods that operate on the data within a single unit, i.e., an object. This protects the data from external interference and misuse.
4. 4. Polymorphism
Modularize Your Code: Break your code into smaller, reusable modules or classes. This promotes code maintainability and reusability.
Favor Composition over Inheritance: While inheritance can be useful, it can lead to complex hierarchies. Often, composition (combining multiple objects to achieve the desired functionality) is a better approach.
Use ES6 Classes: ES6 introduced a more concise syntax for creating classes. Utilize this feature for cleaner, more readable code.